Dyshidrotic eczema is a common form of a chronic dermatological disease. The symptoms affect the general physical state of the patient and cause aesthetic problems. What causes this type of eczema, and how can you treat the disease?
A dysfunction of the sweat glands was considered to be the main cause of dyshidrotic eczema. Later on, this relation wasn’t proved. No scientifically proven explanation of dyshidrotic eczema’s origin has been found yet.
Possible reasons for the development of the disease include:
Dyshidrotic eczema is not a contagious disease and isn’t dangerous to people who have been in contact with a sick person.
The most common one is a skin rash. It causes discomfort and negatively affects the patient’s physical state. Usually, the rash is localized on the hands and legs.
Dyshidrotic eczema fluid-filled blisters cause itching, scratching, and cracks. During healing, wounds from blisters form crusts of yellow or a brownish color with further hyperpigmentation.
The period of remission takes up to a month. After a certain period, there is a chance of relapse causing severe changes in the structure of the skin. The aggravation is normally not related to the original reason of the disease.
The manifestations include:
If wounds get infected, there is a risk of developing pyoderma (purulent inflammation). In this case, the health condition worsens:
The disease can easily be confused with other pathologies, for example, fungal infection, dermatitis, psoriasis and other dermatological diseases. It is impossible to determine the exact diagnosis by yourself. It is necessary to see a specialist to avoid serious complications.
The laboratory research, examination, and collected data will help to find out the cause of the disease. Additional studies like sampling the scraping from the damaged area might be needed to determine the secondary infection and sensitivity of pathogenic microorganisms to antibacterial drugs.
Treatment of dyshidrotic eczema includes general and local therapy.
This approach helps to significantly speed up and prolong the period of remission.
General treatment includes:
Local treatment drugs such as ointments, lotions, or creams are applied directly on the lesion.
Topical medications have the following properties:
The local methods of treatment include physiotherapy. Especially effective is the use of UVB lamps. The lamp allows to speed up the period of recovery and reduce the frequency of relapses. Lamps have the following properties:
Self-treatment is dangerous and ineffective, so a specialist’s consultation should be the number one step.
Prevention is an important part of the treatment. It helps to solve the problem of frequent relapses.
Patients suffering from dyshidrotic eczema are recommended the following preventive measures:
Following the doctor’s recommendations will help to avoid discomfort and unpleasant sensations.