In most cases, skin diseases are symptoms of other chronic pathologies. Vitiligo is not an exception. It is commonly associated with diabetes mellitus. What are the treatment options in this case?
Diabetes is an endocrine disease that is caused by pancreatic dysfunction. The condition is accompanied by numerous pathological changes, both from the biochemical processes and the immune system.
Diabetes mellitus is a disease that is quite common around the world. According to the WHO, by 2030, diabetes will occupy the seventh place among the leading causes of death.
Type I diabetes mellitus is associated with autoimmune disorders that destroy beta cells of the pancreas. It leads to pathological changes in metabolism and other biochemical processes. Besides its common symptoms, diabetes can be accompanied by some skin diseases:
Very often, vitiligo accompanies type I diabetes mellitus and can be a sign of developing pathology. The disease can appear long before the first clinical manifestations.
It initially appears as a small spot, anywhere from 0.2 to 0.6 cm. Typical localization is on the face, neck, chest, abdomen, or extremities. Usually, a single spot is rapidly growing and spreading.
Unlike the other forms of vitiligo, the one that is associated with diabetes mellitus can be cured on its own. The condition is just a cosmetic defect and a reaction to the development of pigment melanin. Diabetes is much more dangerous. It can cause many other serious complications.
Of course, with such pathologies, it is necessary to pay attention to everyone. In case vitiligo is a result of type I diabetes, a general treatment course should be applied.
Therapy should be prescribed only by a specialist, considering medical history, the examination, and the results of laboratory tests. The treatment method includes:
Today, UVB lamps are successfully used to relieve local symptoms and prolong the remission of vitiligo with type I diabetes.