Skin Diseases in Children

We think that majority of the kids are perfectly healthy. According to pediatricians, this is just a stereotype: children can have as many health problems as adults. This also applies to skin diseases.

Specificity of baby skin

The skin structure of the child does not differ from the skin of an adult that much. Differences are especially noticeable in the early infancy period and completely disappear only after adolescence.

The skin of a small child has a thin top layer, an insufficiently developed epidermis, which is not tightly connected to the dermis. It is full of capillaries (which is why it is so pink), but almost does not have melanin (a coloring pigment). When it is hot the skin quickly loses moisture. Although the sebaceous and sweat glands of 3-4 months old baby already work, they are not yet able to provide a full protection. Local immunity is not developed yet.

Baby’s skin is more vulnerable to damages of all kinds, infections, inflammations, flaking, or sunburns. It is more prone to the development of various pathologies, including chronic ones. The child quickly develops the skin symptoms in case of allergies.

That is why the diagnosis of “atopic dermatitis” in children is very common, although it doesn’t necessarily take a chronic course.

A teenage skin is a special subject. Due to the restructuring of the body and activation of hormones, teenagers often face acne and other purulent symptoms, increased sweating, oiliness of the skin and seborrhea.

Groups of children’s skin diseases

They can be divided into infectious and non-infectious. Infectious diseases include a rash, pustules due to infection with viruses and bacteria, fungal infections, chronic skin infections such as tuberculosis.

It is necessary to understand the specificity of children's diseases

Non-infectious diseases are caused by various parasites, allergens, nervous system disorders, problems with the skin glands, lack of vitamins, and hereditary diseases. Some of the non-infectious diseases of children’s skin are chronic, such as eczema, vitiligo, and psoriasis.

Even this short list shows how different the causes of children skin problems can be. Therefore, you can’t diagnose the child only by the type of rash: the true cause can be established only by the doctor, based on diagnostic results.

Treatment of chronic skin diseases in children

A number of local drugs that are prescribed to adults, cannot be used for the treatment of children’s skin diseases. The choice of the measures is up to doctor. Some methods are safe for children, for example, narrow-band UVB phototherapy.

Children’s eczema is not rare. Luckily, most children go through it. You need to watch the skin reactions carefully and pay attention to the diet of the child.Make sure the skin of your little one is getting the treatment prescribed by a doctor.You will find more recommendations if you follow the link.

Unfortunately, vitiligo cannot be treated. It is possible to achieve a long and stable remission if you. exclude triggers and risk factors. Try to combine several treatment methods. Find more details in the article on the link.

The children’s skin has several differences. The main one is a vulnerability to various pathological reactions and development of skin diseases. Remember this in order to take preventive measures. Contact the doctor as soon as possible in case of any symptoms if you want to provide a good health to your child.

Posted: December 13, 2018 by UVB-lamps Team 601
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